by Rachel Abbott, crime fiction author
(Note from L.J.: I met Rachel at the Thomas & Mercer conference and she's a delight. Her new story, THE BACK ROAD, just released and the early reviews are terrific, so I just bought it.)
However, it was full of phrases that I didn’t understand. Apparently my biggest sin was head-hopping. What? I hadn’t the faintest idea what this was about, so I turned to Google and read every possible article I could find until it was ingrained in me. I was told that I was writing as if I were watching a film, sitting in an armchair. Where I should have been was inside the head of one of the characters—the person whose point of view the scene was written from. That person’s eyes needed to become my camera. It took a while, but I got there in the end. I now make sure that every scene of every chapter is clearly marked in the draft with exactly whose POV the scene is viewed from in capital letters so I can’t forget.
Now I know that this is quite basic stuff and you probably all got this long ago, but when you really do get inside a character’s head it can make you go slightly loopy. You have to start thinking what your character would think, feel what they would feel. You might want to see, hear and even smell their surroundings—just as they would do. So how do you describe what somebody is feeling? There are two perspectives here. Let’s imagine there are two people in a room - Ellie and Leo (short for Leonora). These are two characters from my latest novel, THE BACK ROAD. Ellie is furious, and Leo is watching her. If you are in Leo’s head, you have to describe how that fury looks to you. If you are in Ellie’s head, you have to describe how the fury actually feels.
I thought the first one was easy, but I was wrong—as I discovered when I read a book on self-editing and was told that under no circumstances should adverbs be used. “Words ending in LY should be eradicated from your writing,” it said. Why? I thought, angrily. (There you go!! An adverb.) I’d heard of the ‘show don’t tell’ advice, but didn’t really get it until the whole adverb issue was pointed out. I searched my novel. Uh oh, there were lots of adverbs. So now not only did I have to start thinking about whose head I was in, I had to think about how they would see people’s actions. I started to look into body language and descriptions of facial expressions. Whereas once I might have said “Ellie turned angrily to Leo,” I now had to think what an angry turn looks like. How would Ellie be feeling, and how would that portray itself in her actions? “Ellie slammed the glass down on the worktop and spun round to face Leo.” Now I don’t need to be told she’s angry. I can see it for myself.
But to get to that point, I had to get inside Ellie’s head (even though at this point I was viewing the scene from Leo’s POV—just to confuse you) so that I could work out exactly how she would demonstrate her fury. Then I had to stand on the other side of the room and watch it through Leo’s eyes. So I’ve experienced the rage, but now I am in calm place—all in a matter of seconds—witnessing this anger portrayed by another person.
Now do you understand the loopy comment?
On one occasion I wrote something like ‘Ellie wondered why was it so difficult to describe emotional pain.’ To which my editor responded in large letters on the side of my manuscript, ‘It’s not Ellie who can’t describe it – it’s you!’ Oops. How right she was. But emotional pain is so very difficult to describe, and it’s not something that one wants to experience on a regular basis. So I had to dig deep down inside myself to think of something that had hurt me badly, and imagine it all over again so that I knew how it felt. That was a harrowing and distressing moment, but I’ve found myself doing it more and more often.
The second occasion was when I needed to describe fear. I’m not very often in situations where I’m afraid, I’m happy to say. I live on an island where nobody ever locks their doors when they go out, and there is zero crime. But as luck would have it, one day I’d been out—leaving the door unlocked—and I came home just as it was getting dark. I was alone. Then, from upstairs, I heard a thud. It wasn’t subtle, and it was definitely in my house. I felt as if I a million tiny pins were pricking every inch of my body. It only lasted a second, but it was the first time I had bothered to even think what fear felt like.
Hopefully the title of this blog now makes perfect sense. Since starting to write about people and the sometimes terrible situations in which they find themselves, I've had to explore emotions in a way that I have never done before. I’ve had to interpret those feelings and put them into words—and they have to be words that will affect my readers and show them what each character is feeling. I am constantly examining how I react to events so that I can find the words to express each and every sentiment when the need arises, and the days of controlling my emotions to give an aura of outward calm have long gone.
So if you see somebody sobbing in the corner, scribbling in a black notebook, that’ll be me!
Rachel Abbott’s second novel THE BACK ROAD launches on Amazon.com today and is also available on Amazon.co.uk
Describing emotional pain is the most challenging thing for me as an author too. But I also keep in mind that I don't want to go overboard with physical descriptions of every reaction. That can bog down the story. Sometimes, it's best just to say what the character is thinking or feeling. Finding the right balance is key.ReplyDelete
That's something I learned early-on, too...the telling detail is what can make all the difference.ReplyDelete
Heck, sometimes I have trouble describing a color or something simple. Trying to find different ways to describe the same thing...that causes me emotional pain.ReplyDelete
First, congratulations on your new release!ReplyDelete
The first time someone asked me whose POV was I writing, I said, "Well, mine of course!" Oy.
When I crawl into that deep, emotional space to write, I can get stuck and very often end up writing OTT (Over The Top). Which turns out to be okay because it's easier for me to smooth things out the second time around than it to try and get back to that very emotional place.
If one day I see you sobbing in a corner across from mine, I promise to wave.
Excellent post, Rachel! I love it! As an editor, I'm surprised an editor would tell you you're head-hopping, as I explain to my readers what it is, and give them suggestions as to how to fix it. And send them to several of my blog posts on POV.ReplyDelete
I've got great news for you and others trying to figure out physical and emotional reactions to fear, worry, shock, ecstasy, boredom, anger, etc.: The Emotion Thesaurus, by Angela Ackerman and Becca Puglisi. It's just excellent and is on sale at Amazon.com and elsewhere. And it's laid out in such a way that it's really easy to use.
Thanks for the tip, Jodie.ReplyDelete
Good one, Rachel. I've re-posted it.ReplyDelete