Tom Schreck, author of the Duffy Series
Friday is the anniversary of Elvis's death. He died August 16, 1977.
If you're too young to get the Elvis thing or if you're an ex-hippie type who sees Elvis as something the Beatles had to save us from, I want to give you a few things to think about.
If you're stuck on Elvis being overweight, addicted and in Las Vegas and see that as somehow a sin maybe you can stop and think at the end of this essay and ask yourself if that kind of criticism is fair given what he did in his life time.
It's 1954 in Mississippi. Segregation is at it's peak. There's also something else going on in culture that rarely gets its due. Poor, Southern, rural whites, callously referred to as "white trash" are living in poverty. They don't benefit from the industrialization that has hit the big cities or the power of the unions building that industrialization. They also don't benefit from the civil rights movement.
Even though they are closest economically to poor blacks there is no one championing their cause. These aren't the sons and daughters of slave owners. These are the poor, oppressed people that might not have suffered slavery (our country's hideous sin) but they suffered.
Elvis Presley was born into this life. The Presleys actually lived in the poorest section of Tupelo Ms. The section was so poor it was integrated not because of social consciousness but because of poverty. Elvis Presley, the ultimate American son, grew up in the melting pot we don't always embrace: the poor, the oppressed and the forgotten. Musically he lived among the blues of the Black man, the country blues of the poor white and the distinct gospel sounds of both.
His dad went to prison for altering a check for food when Elvis was one. The Presleys didn't have indoor plumbing or electricity and his mom took in laundry or worked as a seamstress.
Please don't ever suggest that Elvis Presley didn't "earn" his right to sing the blues or that his blues weren't authentic
Please don't suggest because he was in the social strata closest to African-Americans that, is often the case, he was racist. Despite the segregation of the south and despite the times,all one has to do is listen to the outtakes of his recordings and the conversations surrounding them to realize he wasn't a racist. He speaks with reverence for musicians regardless of their color and the vocabulary he chooses is the most respectful of the time. (When he speaks of Jackie Wilson in 1956 on the Million Dollar Quartet album he refers to him as "this colored guy". He doesn't refer to him casually by the "N" word as would be acceptable to many in Memphis in 1956.)
So it IS a big deal that Elvis was white and sang black. It IS groundbreaking that a white man could bring the masses to black music. And it wasn't merely the co-opting of a style. Elvis was the embodiment of an amalgamation. Elvis was the contents of this country's melting pot.
It's cliché to say that if Elvis didn't pave the way there wouldn't have been an English invasion. Maybe someone else would've come along. Maybe someone would have HAD to come along. The fact remains Elvis did and he had the perfect blending of upbringing to come along with authenticity.
I don't care if you don't like Elvis music (I completely don't understand it but I guess it's okay.) But to dismiss him isn't okay. To down play his role in culture or race relations and certainly in music isn't right. If you hate jumpsuits that's okay but hate Elton John, Cher, and even the guys from Zepplin and others for wearing polyester in the 70's.
If you think it's okay to mock or condemn his personal faults I suggest you turn that magnifying class inward. Ask if you could've done better to deal with what he had to live it or ask how much you've contributed. Elvis was responsible for Elvis like the rest of us but maybe, just maybe, he deserves some slack.
When Sun Records secretary Marion Keisker asked Elvis what kind of music he did when he came through the door that very first time he said: "I sing all kinds."
He did. And he did when people just didn't.
It made a difference in music. it made a difference in our culture.
It made a difference in how we look at each other.
The right thing for the rest of us to do would be to say "Thanks."
Thanks! What an interesting post. I've always liked Elvis, and it's great to know more about him.ReplyDelete
Thank you very much. ;-)ReplyDelete
I remember exactly where I was on August 16, 1977 when I heard about Elvis' death.ReplyDelete
What an incredible post! Thank you, Tom. And thank you, Elvis!ReplyDelete
good post, TomReplyDelete
In the mid to late fifties there was debate about what term was respectful. (I had to research this because my Scotch & Herring Mystery series starts in 1958, and several of the major characters in Assault in Forgotten Alley are Black.) "Colored" ranged from derogatory to neutral (as Elvis used it in your quote). Negro was respectful (Martin Luther King's preferred term), until Malcolm X said otherwise and introduced the term "Black."
After the military, music and sports were the industries that integrated first. And music probably avoided some of the problems of sports. There weren't that many Black ballplayers in 1954, but plenty of Black musicians were playing with white ones - or playing to white audiences. (Nat King Cole, Louis Armstrong, Harry Belafonte, to name a few.)
This is not to diminish Elvis's contribution, but to highlight it, put it in context.
It took a while for the connection between civil rights and poverty to be seen. The '63 March on Washington was a march for "freedom and jobs." It's a complex inter-action, one that Elvis's history helps illuminate.